Working out is an awesome way to stay mentally stable, emotionally balanced, and physically fit. Body exercise can be done in many forms, but each method exposes us to a certain risk of injury if not done properly. Injuries are painful and always set us back from achieving our fitness goals. We should give injuries the right treatment and care to prevent them from becoming serious. After a long time struggling with injuries, I noticed that they were preventable. I now have some measures that I follow to avoid getting workout injuries. Here are some common workout injuries and how to avoid them.
40% of running injuries are caused by cartilage irritation. This injury occurs when the kneecap has a wrong alignment. The cartilage, which is under the knee cap, becomes worn out after a while. This causes pain when squatting, sitting, and moving down or up staircases. The pain becomes worse if the intensity of activity increases. This is a very painful injury that anyone doing running workouts should try to avoid. I avoid kneeling, squatting repeatedly, and placing a lot of weight on my knees. I also try to use short strides, strike the ground gently and have proper footwear when running.
This injury, usually a result of hard training, causes pain on the large tendon. The pain is so intense that walking or running becomes difficult. A sudden change in the training intensity or wrong footwear can also contribute to this injury. People with this kind of injury have swollen heels and they experience sharp pains.
To avoid this injury, I always choose my footwear carefully. I make sure that the shoes I wear when running are comfortable especially on the heels. When training, it is advisable to avoid hill work and weight-bearing exercises. Regularly do exercises that strengthen calf muscles. Do not have high-intensity workouts as they might aggravate the calf muscle causing Achilles Tendonitis injury.
This injury causes pain at the back of the thigh. It is very common in athletes. The hamstring comprises four muscles that allow the bending of the leg at the knee. A hamstring strain happens when one of its muscles is overloaded. This overload causes a tear in the muscles. The pain is bearable in mild cases. Major cases are very painful and make it very difficult to stand or walk. This injury can be suffered when straightening a leg, bending over, or walking.
It can be avoided by warming up well before doing any workout exercises. Gradually increase training intensity and volume. Perform leg muscle strengthening exercises to make the muscles strong. It is also advisable to work on exercises that will not aggravate the injury after a recovery.
This injury causes sharp pains in the shin. There is a feeling of a sharp inflammation that causes pain in the shinbone. The injury might be bad at times such that it causes serious pain with every step made. This injury is very common in new runners. It is mostly caused by a sudden increase in the frequency and intensity of workouts.
Trainers should gradually increase the training and in a nice method to prevent injuries among trainees. It is also advisable to do simple warm-ups before starting a workout. Stretch the whole body after a workout to calmly relax the muscles. Always have proper footwear which has nice, comfortable padding.
This normally occurs on the upper arm and in front of the shoulder. It occurs mostly due to an overuse of the muscle, maybe in swimming or weightlifting. The injury causes inflammation between the upper biceps muscle and the shoulder bones. Biceps tendinitis is often accompanied by rotator and impingement cuff damage. The pain of this injury is felt with every overhead lifting done. This injury can be avoided by reducing overhead movements. Avoid regular workouts and get enough rest. The posture used when training can also cause this injury. Make sure the body is in a perfect position that allows free movement of the hands.